Aging EV Car Batteries Given New Life to Power Up Electric Grid
Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a new technology that can reuse aging electric vehicle batteries by managing them as an energy storage system for electric utilities. The technology is a power electronics equipment that can handle a variety of lithium-ion batteries, even with different makers, ages, and sizes, and control their mix to release a predetermined amount of electricity to the grid. With this solution, battery recycling options that are currently scarce could be replaced.
When aging vehicle batteries lack the juice to power your car anymore, they may still hold energy. Yet it’s tough to find new uses for lithium-ion batteries with different makers, ages, and sizes. A solution is urgently needed because battery recycling options are scarce.
Researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed a new technology enabling battery reuse: a type of power electronics equipment that can manage a variety of EV batteries as an energy storage system for an electric utility. The mix of batteries can be controlled to release a predetermined amount of electricity to the grid. “We have each battery pack discharging at a different rate, while ensuring that the target energy output stays the same,” said ORNL’s Michael Starke.
ORNL researchers have developed a way to manage car batteries of different types and sizes as energy storage for the power grid. Credit: Andy Sproles/ORNL, U.S. Dept. of Energy
When electricity demand spikes, utilities can use this stored energy instead of burning fossil fuels at “peaking” plants. The approach can reduce pollution, prolong the usefulness of EV batteries and make electricity service more reliable, at almost no cost.
According to a report by BloombergNEF, it is estimated that by 2030, there will be around 1.2 million tons of retired EV batteries worldwide. This highlights the urgent need to find ways to reuse or recycle these batteries to minimize their environmental impact.
Reference: “An Intelligent Power Electronic System for Secondary Use Batteries” by Michael Starke, Steven Campbell, Benjamin Dean and Madhu Chinthavali, 30 December 2022, 2022 IEEE Electrical Energy Storage Application and Technologies Conference (EESAT).
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